A few months ago I received emails from Bill Burditt and Andrew Burdett about a genealogy DNA project they had started for their family. They asked if the Burdick family wanted to be involved and, given the possible link between the Burdick and Burdette families, I said “Yes!” I had looked into DNA studies before and thought it might be another way for us Burdicks to determine our biological and geographical origin.
As we all know, Robert Burdick came to Rhode Island in 1651, but no one has been able to establish a solid connection for him back to England. Conventional wisdom has always pointed to the Burdick family being a branch of the Burdette/Burdett/Burditt family. The Burdettes have a long and distinguished documented history in England dating to the Norman conquest of 1066.
There are numerous possible reasons why the Burdick connection to England has never been made. But one thing is certain: if Burdick DNA matches Burdette DNA the link is definite.
Recent advances in genetic science have made this type of research possible. Luckily, deep knowledge in genetics is not required to understand how this science helps genealogy. As we all know, males and females are different (in more ways than we can imagine!) Females carry two X chromosomes in every cell while males carry an X and a Y chromosome. At conception, the new life receives one of the mother’s X chromosomes and either the X or Y chromosome from the father. If the father’s X chromosome is passed along the new life becomes a female while inheritance of the Y chromosome produces a male.
Since there is only one Y chromosome involved during this process, a son’s Y chromosome is always identical to his father’s, which in turn is identical to his father’s, and so on back in time. Therefore, as a male Burdick with a direct male line of descent from Robert Burick, my Y chromosome is identical to Robert’s in 1651 – and beyond. There may be some random mutations, but it is essentially the same. I don’t know about you, but I think that is pretty cool!
What’s even cooler is that if Robert Burdick is an offspring from the English Burdette family, his (and my) Y chromosome is the same as that family’s DNA material. That’s where the Burdett DNA study enters.
Andrew and Bill know of the Burdette-Burdick connection, which is why they contacted me. If Burdick DNA matches Burdette DNA, we can be pretty sure that the Burdicks stem from that family. If the DNAs does not match it could mean one of two things:
1) The Burdicks and Burdettes are not releated
2) The Burdicks may stem from a Burdette line whose DNA has not yet been tested.
Unfortunately, if there is no match the results may be inconclusive but if there is a match that IS conclusive.
In order to conduct this study your help is needed. If you are a documented direct male descendant of Robert Burdick you, too, carry Robert Burdick’s Y chromosome and can help determine the genetic link to the Burdette family. Sorry, ladies, this test is just for the guys, and guys, this test is only for male descendants through your father's line (not your mother's, grandmother's, etc.) that you can document directly back to Robert Burdick. Several volunteers are required, since there is a small, but distinct, chance that in any single family line an episode of infidelity or unknown adoption had taken place which would break the DNA chain from Robert. We do not want one Burdick line to determine the entire fate of the family!
In all likelihood, most Burdick lines will have very similar DNA (remember that slight mutations may occur in any generation). An occurrence of a family line containing different DNA could be the ultimate “skeleton in the closet.” But that's a subject for another Newsletter.
If you wish to donate a part of yourself, literally, to Burdick history this is your chance. I already have and it was painless. Just a little scraping on the inside of my cheek and dropping the samples in the mail. Andrew and Bill have taken care of everything else.
The study is being conducted through Family Tree DNA. To take part in the study, visit the Burdett DNA Project, or email Bill and Andrew. All of the links are at the end of this article. You will find a lot of information on the Burdett DNA site, including a “How to join the Burdett DNA Project” button. Clicking on that button will take you to Family Tree DNA where you can start the process of sampling your DNA. This is the easiest was to correctly join the study.
There are a couple things I want to mention.
First, it costs $99 to have your DNA tested. Andrew and Bill do not see any of this money, this is how Family Tree DNA stays in business. You pay on-line with a credit card. While it may seem expensive, it is a substantial discount from the $149 price for testing that is not performed as part of a genealogy project.
Second, everyone who joins and provides a sample needs to realize they are donating their DNA which is unique to them. People are rightfully concerned about privacy issues, and I can’t think of anything more private than the material that makes up every cell in my body. I have full confidence that Family Tree DNA is a good protector of my sample, otherwise I would not have provided it. But I want to be sure that every donor is comfortable in what they are doing. If you are not, don’t donate.
Lastly, there may be an opportunity for you to help with this important study even if you are female, not a direct male descendant of Robert Burdick, or do not wish to donate your own DNA. Andrew and Bill have created a mechanism by which the cost can be provided for someone else’s test. Some important donors may be on fixed or limited incomes and cannot afford the cost of the test. Others may be able to fund a test but are not of the proper gender or lineage. This would be a great opportunity for both to do something wonderful – and anonymous. Contact Andrew and Bill directly for details.
There is one final point I want to express on this subject. As genealogy researchers know, sometimes the information you find is not what you were expecting or wanting. I believe the Burdick family is unique in North American history in that we likely all stem from a single ancestor who came to this country in its earliest days. Our impact on American and Canadian history is well documented and will not change based on the results of this study. I have a concern that some family members may be discouraged or upset if we find out we are not a part of the Burdette family. I truly hope that concern is unfounded.
Over the years I have had the honor and privilege of meeting many of you, at least electronically. I hope you share my joy and excitement about perhaps finally uncovering the truth of our origin. My mother, as readers of this Newsletter know, was my inspiration for interest in Burdick family history. I know she would whole-heartedly support this study and would want to know the truth, whatever it may be. She will be with me, in spirit, when we receive the results.
Tax his land,
Tax his bed,
Tax the table
At which he's fed.
Tax his tractor,
Tax his mule,
Teach him taxes
Are the rule.
Tax his cow,
Tax his goat,
Tax his pants,
Tax his coat.
Tax his ties,
Tax his shirt,
Tax his work,
Tax his dirt.
Tax his tobacco,
Tax his drink,
Tax him if he
Tries to think.
Tax his cigars,
Tax his beers,
If he cries, then
Tax his tears.
Tax all he has
Then let him know
That you won't be done
Till he has no dough.
When he screams and hollers,
Then tax him some more,
Tax him till
He's good and sore.
Then tax his coffin,
Tax his grave,
Tax the sod in
Which he's laid.
Put these words
upon his tomb,
"Taxes drove me
to my doom..."
When he's gone,
Do not relax,
Its time to apply
The inheritance tax.
None of these taxes existed 100 years ago:
Accounts Receivable Tax
Building Permit Tax
CDL license Tax
Corporate Income Tax
Dog License Tax
Federal Income Tax
Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA)
Fishing License Tax
Food License Tax,
Fuel permit tax
Hunting License Tax
IRS Interest Charges IRS Penalties (tax on top of tax)
Marriage License Tax
Real Estate Tax
Service charge taxes
Social Security Tax
Road usage taxes
Recreational Vehicle Tax
State Income Tax (Not in the state of Texas - but the sales tax is 8.25% and rising! Four other states do not have state income taxes.)
State Unemployment Tax (SUTA)
Telephone federal excise tax
Telephone federal universal service fee tax
Telephone federal, state and local surcharge taxes
Telephone minimum usage surcharge tax
Telephone recurring and non-recurring charges tax
Telephone state and local tax
Telephone usage charge tax
Vehicle License Registration Tax
Vehicle Sales Tax
Watercraft registration Tax
Well Permit Tax
Workers Compensation Tax
I am providing volunteer research time for a local group effort to landmark what is believed to be the Ingersoll-York House in Plainfield, Illinois. The house is believed to have been erected by either Chester and Phebe Ingersoll (who founded our village in 1834) or his eldest daughter and her husband, Melissa (Ingersoll) and Thomas J. York (who were equally responsible for the early development of the community between 1836 and 1847). The house was built between 1835 and 1840. So, I have been trying to complete the Ingersoll research as well as correcting some inconsistencies between several histories.
In particular, I am searching for relatives of the Burdick and Ingersoll families who lived around the Westford, Vermont and Plattsburgh, New York area between 1789 and 1832. There may be a connection to a York family of Plattsburgh, New York as well.
I am completing some research on Chester Ingersoll and believe that his first wife was a Lucretia Burdick; the marriage is insinuated but not identified in most Ingersoll histories. Most Ingersoll history does not explain that Chester’s two oldest surviving children (Alonzo, b. 1818 and Melissa, b 1821) were born before his “first” marriage of 1824. Additionally, a comparison of the federal censuses for 1820 and 1830 suggests that a wife preceded Mary Polly Burdick. An 1890 Biographical Sketch of Andrus A. Ingersoll, grandson of Chester Ingersoll, states that his paternal great-grandmother was Lucretia Burdick. However, I can find no other mention of this lady or to which Burdick family she belonged.
Lucretia would have been born about 1790-1795; married about 1815-16; and died prior to 1824. Chester Ingersoll then married Mary Polly Burdick, daughter of Samuel and sister of Lorin. They lived at Plattsburgh, New York until about 1828 when they returned to the Westford, Vermont area. Mary Polly Burdick died about 1832 at Westford, Vermont.
Chester Ingersoll married Phebe Wever in Dec 1833 at Cook County, Illinois and moved to his new town of Plainfield in 1835. I believe that Chester was reunited with his children that same year when his father and step-mother, Josiah and Betsey Ingersoll, came west with Lorin Burdick and his family. Lorin Burdick arrived in Plainfield in 1835 according to the construction dates of buildings that he is credited with erecting.
If you have any information on either Lucretia or Mary Polly Burdick, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org (even to dispute the information I have assembled). Thank you in advance for any assistance.
Since my initial inquiry, I have made some amazing discoveries! Mary Polly Burdick was, in fact, Chester Ingersoll’s wife. I am still of the opinion that she was his second wife…having married her deceased sister’s husband. I don’t believe that the marriage between Chester and Mary Polly was a particularly happy one.
However, Mary Polly Burdick DID NOT DIE In 1832! Unbeknownst to me, I have in my possession the Last Will and Testament of Polly Converse, whose name I did not recognize. The Will was dated 1858 (she died in 1868) in which she leaves her estate to her three daughters: Melissa, Flavilla and Lucretia Ingersoll! Apparently, she and Chester Ingersoll DIVORCED about 1832. Chester Ingersoll had spent most of 1828-1832 in Illinois; he returned to Illinois in late 1832 when he took over the fourth “hotel” in Chicago (The Traveler’s Home) and continued his courtship of a young dancer and actress, Phebe Weaver. They married in December 1833 and continued to operate the hotel until 1835 when they removed permanently to his newly-platted Town of Plainfield. It is believed that they moved to the house which led to this research and which has been recently landmarked, locally.
Mary Polly Burdick Ingersoll married James Converse (in Vermont?) sometime between 1832 and 1836. She used the name Mary Converse for some time but by 1840 was using the name Polly Converse. I believe that Mary Polly and James Converse were in Plainfield for the October 1837 marriage of Melissa Ingersoll and Thomas J. York (another Burdick relation perhaps…see below). Mary Polly and James Converse are enumerated at Plainfield in the 1840 census and she, alone, purchases several lots from Chester Ingersoll in 1843. When Chester Ingersoll leaves for California in 1847, he “quit claims” the remainder of Block 4 in his town to her. When she dies, the lots are given to her husband for his lifetime and then to be turned over to her daughters. INTERESTINGLY enough, she mentions the offspring of her daughters but does not refer to the children of Alonzo Ingersoll (who had died in 1848) which further leads me to believe that Alonzo’s son, Andrus, made a significant effort in his 1890 biography to identify who his grandmother was: Lucretia Ingersoll! Mary Polly Burdick Ingersoll Converse died at Plainfield in 1868 and is buried in the local cemetery here; I have not found a burial or death date for James Converse but know that he lived with a local family following his wife’s death.
In 1872, Melissa Ingersoll York’s grandchild is born at Marysville, California and is named James Converse York! We have not been able to find much about Thomas J. York (Melissa’s first husband who, apparently died about 1868). However, we have recently found that a Comfort Burdick married a William York in Connecticut in the late 18th century. We wonder if there is a connection here although we also wonder if Thomas York may have descended from a line of Yorks living in Peru, New York about the time that the Ingersolls were in nearby Plattsburgh. We will figure this out one day, too, we hope.
Curiously, the Pioneer House (recently landmarked) has been owned by the same family for 122 years last month. Through marriage, the Burdick relationship is woven into the story of the house once more! The Pennington family purchased the home in the 1870s; one of the daughters married John Bill, Jr., whose mother was Charity Burdick…the sister of Lorin Burdick. Charity Burdick died in 1848. Descendants of this family continue to own this important little home today.
With this new information, perhaps one of the Burdick family sleuths will provide some more pertinent leads and information.
Amanda Arangoa-Espino (Prettyeyedangel2121@yahoo.com) is expecting a new baby, Keith Nathaniel, who is named after Amanda's grandfather, Keith Burdick. Congrats!
Jackie Burdick (email@example.com) unfortunately informs us that her sister, Joanne Marie Burdick Bivens, daughter of Edward Perry Burdick and Dorothy Esther Browne, passed away on July 31, 2006 after many years of heart problems.
Art Haynes (firstname.lastname@example.org) was going through a box of his mother's papers and found a award medal. It appears to be silver and is in a box. The front side says: "CONNECTICUT STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY, INCORP. MAY 1852". The back side says: "AWARDED TO Cuan Burdick" (Art is not sure of the first name), "Norwich - Original Design for a Church - 1856". Does anyone know more? Art's great-grandmother was Gertrude Burdick from Wakefield, RI.
Leda (email@example.com) has come across an old Civil War photo of Dyer w. Burdick of WI, Camp Randale, Co.H 16 Regt Wis. Vol age 18 with a note to his father. He made it through the war and Leda was wondering if he had any family.
Congratulations to Rebecca Huff (firstname.lastname@example.org)! She has been accepted into the DAR as a descendant of James Burdick. James' grandaughter, Lydia Burdick (b 21 Jul 1804, Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada, d 18 Feb 1883 North East, Erie, PA.) was married to Joseph Ellis Lee (b 06 Jan 1800 North East, PA, d 29 May 1848, North East, PA.) They are buried in the Grimshaw Cemetery in North East, PA. Lydia and Joseph had 9 children. Rebecca is now searching for information about Joseph's father, Ebenezer Lee (b 1774, Cazenovia, Chenango Co., NY, d 1812 (unk where).) He married Betsy Janes (b 1780 (unk where), d 10 Nov 1834 (unk where). Can you help fill in missing details about Ebenezer and Betsy Lee? Particularly parents and siblings. Their known children are Joseph (Lydia Burdick's husband) and Emily (b 27 Jan 1802, North East, PA, d 27 Oct 1855, North East, PA, married Oliver JANES, b 28 Mar 1799, South Hero, Grand Isle, VT, d 21 Oct 1852, North East, PA, son of Humphrey Janes and Thankful Campbell Janes.) Oliver and Emily had 11 children.
Al Burdick (email@example.com) wanted to correct some information provided by his son, Roger, in the last Newsletter about Henry "Bones" Burdick. Henry was the brother of Al's grandfather, Charles Huntington Burdick. Charles was the original operator of the horse drawn railroad and went on to work for the Pacific Coast Railroad which became the Southern Pacific Railroad. He retired from the railroad as conductor on the San Francisco to Santa Cruz run. Even though Charles started the horse drawn railroad, Henry operated it for a longer time.
Kevin Burdick (firstname.lastname@example.org) has released his first music video. Burdicks from around the globe can see it at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LMLEC1g4HRw. Please watch it, Kevin is very talented.
Jan Meyers (email@example.com) found a photo for sale on eBay featuring Olive BURDICK. The eBay entry reads: "OFFERING FOR AUCTION IS THIS 1910 ELDERLY LADY SITTING OUTSIDE NEAR HER PORCH STAMPED MILWAUKEE WIS 1910. Note on back reads Olive Burdick 1817-1911 front of homestead built 1840's by Morgan L. Burdick Milwaukee, Wi. Any questions, ask. Postcard is in good condition. Buyer prepays plus shipping within 5 days of auction close with check or money order or paypal." The eBay item number is 220068383160.
Does anyone know Myra T. Burdick? According to a city directory published in 1928, she was a music teacher living on Rose Avenue in Sebring, FL. The current owner of Myra's wonderful old Craftsman bungalow house is restoring it, Myra was the first owner. It is unknown how long she remained in Sebring; 1928 was the last year of the Florida land boom, and many people left after the great hurricane that year. If you know of Myra or this house, please contact me (firstname.lastname@example.org). Thanks.
Shannon Kline (email@example.com) is the granddaughter of Anna Lavina Burdick. Anna was born between 1921-1924 and married to a John Tucker or Patrick Micheal (Micheal Patrick) Tucker. Shannon has been trying to locate more of her relatives but has been able to find anything about her Burdick or Tucker family lines. Can you help?
Jane Kellogg (firstname.lastname@example.org) has been doing a lot of Burdick reseach. As she found out, it seems odd that any family living in the same place as long as her great grandparents had, would not appear on some census somewhere. In going back over material she had originally discarded, Jane finally found them. The 1880 census taker must have had flowery handwriting or been slightly hard of hearing, because Jeremiah B. Whiting, Rosina A. and Flora I. had been immortalized as "Jeremiah N.", "Raina A." and "Laura I". Everything else checks out. Jane also suggests that if anyone is trying to locate Sarah Deatt Burdick (#2298) Maryott (1843 - ?), they should be directed to North Loupe, Nebraska. If any researchers want to contact Jane, she would be glad to correspond with them.
Phyllis Movius (email@example.com) is still trying to find the parents of some early Burdicks in Grafton, Rensselaer County, New York. Any assistance will be most appreciated.
1.Who are the parents of Elisha T. Burdick, born 28 Nov 1812 in Grafton, Rensselaer Co., NY. He married Charlotte Phillips in Rensselaer Co. on 1 Feb 1834. At the time Elisha died on 10 March 1868, he was a doorkeeper at the New York Senate in Albany.
2. Who are the parents of Nathan T. Burdick who was born in 1811 in Grafton, Rensselaer Co., NY and died there in 1876. He first married Sarah A. (maiden name unknown). In a later US Census record, his wife is named Hannah Arrita (maiden name unknown). Possibly Sarah and Hannah are the same individual.
Is Larry Crandall Woods anywhere out there? If so, Dave Crandell (firstname.lastname@example.org) is trying to reach you. Dave has some Crandall family information in which Larry may be interested and Dave is certainy interested in the information Larry has about the Crandall-Crandell family.
Darlene Learned (email@example.com) wants to know -- Who is Harry Burdick, C.C.? She has a gavel with his name engraved on it. Also engraved is: "Washington Lodge 38" and "K.P." and either "1841" or "1941". Sound familiar to anyone?
Rebecca Burdick (RBurdick@sovereignbank.com) is looking for her Burdick roots. Her father, Blase Burdick, is the son of Bertram and Barbara (Bliven) Burdick. Blase was born and raised in Westerly, RI with his older brother Brent. Does anyone know this family line?
Doris Holt (firstname.lastname@example.org) would like to purchase a copy of Frank Mueller's book, "The Burdick Family Chronology." If you know of one that someone is willing to part with, please contact her.
Helen Marie Burdick (aka., Penny) (email@example.com) is looking for her Burdick connection. Her father was Jeff Larry Burdick who married Erma Jean Travis. His father was Chester L. Burdick who was married to Eloise E. Dunn. Penny is originally from Bath, NY would love to get whatever information she could about her heritage.