The initial results of the Burdett/Burdick DNA tests are arriving and, not surprisingly, they hold some very interesting new information. As genealogists know all too well, sometimes new information raises new questions. Such is the case for the greater Burdick family and for me personally.
First, the update. As of today, four Burdick males have been tested and their results received. Results for one additional Burdick male is scheduled to arrive shortly. In addition, one possible family member from Germany has been tested.
Of the four Burdicks tested, 3 match each other quite closely. This would imply that these Burdicks stem from one ancestor, namely Robert Burdick. The remaining Burdick (guess what, it’s me!) does not match at all, but more on that later. Probably most interesting is that Josef Bauerdick, our possible Burdick relation in Germany, matches the Burditt family branch quite closely.
What does all this mean? That cannot be determined yet. There is still more interpretation to be performed. The initial results, though, appear to show that the Burdick and Burdett families may very well be related. It also shows that the Bauerdicks of Germany may also be closely related.
In order to gain a more complete understanding, more data will need to be collected from two sources: 1) testing of additional male Burdicks and 2) more in-depth analysis of the Burdick samples collected so far.
I would like to thank those of you who were able to submit samples. I realize the cost of about $100 per test is not insignificant, and I want to reiterate that the information being collected is unobtainable from any other source. Thank you, thank you, thank you! With that in mind, I would like to encourage any other qualified male Burdick to join the study. You can review the qualifications outlined in the last Burdick Newsletter or contact Andrew Burdett and Bill Burditt (their email addresses are at the end of this article) for details. If you’d like, just send me an email and I’ll resend you the Newsletter article that describes the test.
I encourage you to visit the Burdett DNA Project web site for complete details. The link to that site is also provided below.
Remember, too, that if you are not qualified to donate a DNA sample you can donate the funds required for testing. This is especially important to help upgrade the testing already performed to obtain more accurate results. Again, you can contact Andrew and Bill for details.
Before I close this update, I’d like to describe my own DNA test. As I mentioned in the last Newsletter, donors should realize they may uncover family history that may not be what they were expecting. Wow! I did not know how prophetic those words would be for ME!
As soon as my results were available it was immediately apparent that my DNA does not match the Burdett family, or other Burdick tested so far. In fact, my DNA is VERY different, coming from a totally different branch of the human Y-Chromosome tree, something called the “haplogroup.” This Newsletter contains an article that describes haplogroups so that you’ll know more about what I’ve discovered about myself so far.
The bottom line is that somewhere in my genetic past the chain back to Robert Burdick was broken. This could happen in only one of two ways: either a biological ancestor of mine was adopted into the Burdick family, or the wife of one of my Burdick ancestors had – how to say this gently – a bit of extracurricular activity.
The break in the DNA chain could be at any generation – my parents, my grandparents, great-grandparents, etc., back to Robert himself. Actually, I find this a bit ironic. I have always taken great pride in my Burdick heritage and now it appears that I am not even a Burdick! At least not genetically. But this makes no difference to me personally. I have always considered myself to be analytically and scientifically minded, and of the belief that a “family” is more than simply the joining of an egg and a sperm. I am a Burdick no matter what my genes say!
So now I start my own personal journey. Will I find where the deviation from the Burdick path occurred? I don’t know. But I now have my own personal mystery similar to those I have heard so many of you express over the years. I now have my own “brick wall” to break through to find the truth. I guess that it is only fitting that I have an obstacle to overcome, given that I’ve had such an easy time tracing my own genealogy thanks to those who came before me. Now it is my turn to discover and leave my contribution for generations to come. I’ll keep you posted.
Y-chromosome haplogroup, sometimes called "macrolineage," can be defined as a group of related Y-chromosome haplotypes that share a common deep genetic ancestral origin. Haplogroups can be understood as large branches on the human Y-chromosome phylogenetic tree. A Y-chromosome haplotype (i.e. haploid genotype) is a set of genetic markers (i.e. mutations) inherited through the paternal line, which provide a distinct genetic pattern for that paternal line.
Haplogroup A is the oldest, most widespread Y-DNA haplogroup, considered the group from which arose "Y-Chromosomal Adam."
Found throughout Africa, A's descendants include Tanzania's Hadza peoples and eastern Africa's bushmen.
This group is best represented among African Pygmy populations (particularly among Baka and Mbuti peoples), in the sub-Sahara. Like haplogroup A, B is among the oldest and most diverse of the Y-DNA haplogroups.
With progeny spanning Asia and the South Pacific, haplogroup C is believed to have helped colonize Australia and New Guinea. C's traces are also to be found - although less commonly - among indigenous American peoples.
Scientists see this haplogroup as having migrated to the Americas circa 4,000-6,000 BC, settling in the Pacific Northwest.
D is thought to have arisen approximately 50,000 years ago in Africa, and experienced a great Southern Asian coastal migration. Its descendants populate Southeast Asia and the Pacific Rim, including Japan (especially subgroup D2).
This haplogroup represents a major segment of early mankind, with origins some 50,000 before our time. Its progeny is most common to the Middle East and northern Africa.
The E3a subgroup is thought to have migrated southward from Northern Africa circa 2,000-4,000 BC, and is notable in its frequent representation among modern day black Americans.
Another E subgroup, this ancestral segment is thought to have emigrated from the Middle East into the Mediterranean region, after its appearance around 24,000 BC. E3b would then migrate westward during the agricultural expansion in the Neolithic era.
Today's E3b descendants are said to be found in eastern and northern Africa, as well as southeastern Europe.
Very little is universally accepted regarding haplogroup F. However, scientists have traced its progeny to the modern day Middle East and parts of Indonesia. Small populations of Haplogroup F have also been discovered in North America.
This haplogroup is widely distributed in Eastern Europe and Asia, despite a low overall representation in human populations. It is thought to have its origins in circa 10,000-15,000 BC India or Pakistan, having migrated in a northwesterly direction; its descendants can be found in the eastern Mediterranean region, as well as the Middle East and western Asia.
H is believed to have been born approximately 30,000 years ago in southern Asia, and is well represented in today's Indian and Pakistani populations. While scientists have traced H's roots to India itself, evidence also suggests a Middle Eastern/Iranian origin.
This haplogroup is thought to be linked with Scandinavia's Viking populations, ultimately spreading widely throughout modern-day Europe. A branch of haplogroup F, I is believed to have migrated from the Middle East 20,000 to 25,000 years ago; it can be found in high concentrations in the Adriatic region (1/3 of modern day Croats), and is evidently also linked with Celtic populations.
Despite its apparent designation as an I "subgroup" I1a - with its I1b neighbor - has been shown to be of non-Scandinavian origin. Its roots have been traced to as recently as the past 1,000 years, and are thought to be linked to Anglo-Saxon migrations from southern into northern Europe. The group's modern-day seat is in central Europe.
As with I1a, this haplogroup has recently shown to be of non-Scandinavian origin, despite its nominal link with haplogroup I, a heavily Scandinavian segment. I1b's progeny can be found in modern day Greece, and less frequently in other areas of southern Europe.
This descendant of haplogroup F emerged roughly 10,000-15,000 years ago in western Asia, and is traceable to current European, Middle Eastern and North African peoples, with progeny also represented in India and Pakistan.
J2's descendants include modern Jewish populations, with frequent representation also in Central Asia and the Mediterranean. Its 15,000-20,000 year old beginnings are said to have coincided with the spread of early agriculture, depositing additional populations in India. J2 is also said to be represented in some Arab peoples.
From its origins in central Asia some 40,000 years ago, haplogroup K would father most of the current population of the northern hemisphere; many Indian peoples, most Europeans and almost all Asians are descendants of this group. This subgroup of F gave rise to every remaining haplogroup - namely L, M, N, O and P (which would spawn haplogroups Q and R).
Originating some 30,000 years ago, L is said to have yielded the first significant influx of humans into India. Its descendants are still represented in the Indian nation, with further progeny extending throughout southern Asia and the Middle East.
M made its first appearance circa 10,000 BC in southeastern Asia, and spawned populations in Indonesia and much of Southeast Asia.
This haplogroup's origins have been traced to northern Asia, where its peoples were divided between Siberia and a strong Eurasian migration. Today's N populations are found throughout much of Europe, including Russia and Scandinavian nations.
Virtually all Chinese, Korean and Japanese males are descendants of haplogroup O, with almost no representation among western Asian populations. First appearing roughly 35,000 years ago, O's membership is said to have left Siberia for the Pacific Rim region.
This subgroup of K is ancestor to most Europeans, and has spawned nearly all Native American peoples. Scientists have traced P's roots to northern Asia, some 30,000 to 40,000 years before the present day. Today's P descendants are common to Asia and South America.
Q's lineage is common to members of both Asian and North American populations, having originated in Siberia approximately 20,000 years ago, moving eastward across the Bering Strait into the American continent some 5,000 years later. Today's Q progeny is found in nearly all Native American peoples, having spread from northeastern America throughout the entire continent.
This haplogroup arose in northwestern Asia some 30,000 years ago, spawning prominent subgroups R1a and R1b. The R1a haplogroup emerged from the Eurasian plains circa 10,000 BC, where scientists believe nomadic farmers were the first speakers of the proto-Indo-European language. Its remnants can be found in the modern day Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe; fully half of all Polish and Russian males are descended from this haplogroup.
Most common of all haplogroups among European peoples is R1b, which, like R1a, is said to have emerged around 10,000 BC. Generously exhibited in western European males, and thus within North American population groups, this haplogroup is represented most frequently in southern England, as well as among the Spanish and Portuguese. In fact, some western European regions (the Iberian peninsula and Ireland) contain R1b males at frequencies as high as 90%.
Its progenitors are said to have descended from Cro-Magnon man, which immigrated into Europe some 35,000 years before our present day.
Nellie Johnson, p 158, lists Benjamin's first wife as Nancy, and lists 7 children. His second wife is listed as Ruth. In a genealogy I published in 1993, "Ancestors and Descendants of William Browning Greene and Mary Hoxsie Lewis with Allied Families," I identified Ruth as Ruth Green(e) daughter of Browning and Dinah/Diana/Dianna (Kenyon) Green.
Ruth and her son John are mentioned in the will of Amos Greene, Jr, probated in Charlestown 7 July 1823. Ruth's mother was Browning Green's first wife, Elizabeth Greene, dau of Amos, Jr.
In his will probated 19 Sep 1828, Benjamin Burdick of Charlestown named his wife Ruth and sons Stephen and Elery. His son Samuel was under age and appointed George Thurston his guardian. Samuel must have been 14 or older at this time.
My estimated year of birth for Ruth is 1793, so she was ca 21 years younger than Benjamin. Charlestown records indicate that Ruth had m(2) George Crandall by 6 Apr 1829.
I have a 1926 letter written by Ruth's half-niece, my g-gm, that makes reference to Browning Greene and the children by his second wife and mentions that he had three daughters by his first wife. One daughter was named Ruth. She could not remember the names of Browning's wives nor of the other two daughters by his first wife. Two of the daughters by his first wife, Dorcas Kenyon and Ruth Burdick are identified in Amos Greene, Jr.'s will.
My proof of the identity of Elizabeth Greene, dau of Amos, Jr., as Browning Green's first wife was published in "Rhode Island Roots," June 1991.
Browning Green loaned Benjamin and Ruth Burdick $194 on 19 Dec 1816 secured by a mortgage recorded in Charlestown.
There are two Samuel Burdicks listed in the 1830 and 1840 censuses of Washington Co, RI. One in Charlestown who appears to have been born before 1790. The other in Hopkinton was born 1800-1810. This latter may be the son of Benjamin.
Ruth Crandall, age 57, is listed in the household of George W. Crandall in 1850 in Charlestown. George W. Crandall's 1857 death record lists him as a widower. Ruth's death is not recorded in Charlestown and she does not appear in the 1860 census.
Neal Shaw (firstname.lastname@example.org) has found his Burdick connection in Canada, where he lives. James Burdick left Rhode Island for New Brunswick as a loyalist to the crown, eventually settling in Oxford County, Upper Canada. There is confusion about James and his family, some say he was born in Scotland, other say Lanesborough, and others Waverly. What is known is that he and his son, Samuel, applied for land in Canada, near what is today London, Ontario, in 1796. He applied stating he was "imprisoned for his attachment to Great Britain". In his petition, his son (Samuel) notes that James was imprisoned at Bennington for loyalty to the crown. This information is found on land patent documents, which settlers filled out to request land in Canada. But Neal is stuck. Rachel Burdick married Abel Thornton in or about 1792 but no record of the marriage has been found. The marriage could have been in South Hero, Vermont or in Massachusetts. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Tina Burdick (email@example.com) is looking for information about her g-grandfather, James Otis Burdick. He was born on December 27, 1872. His father was probably Benjamin F. Burdick, born in New York, approximately 1840, who was married to Mary M. ???, born in illinois, approximately 1845. Any help would be appreciated.
Ken Mitchell (firstname.lastname@example.org) is a member of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and is trying to verify the Confederate service of William G. Burdick. He is buried in Lee County, GA. His grave marker indicates his date of birth as 28 Dec 1836 and death date of 23 Mar 1916. There are no other graves near his and there are no other Burdicks buried in Lee County. The 1910 census for Lee County lists him as being a Confederate veteran, age 73, and born in Georgia. Ken is trying to find the unit in which he served and any other service related information or to make contact with a descendant. Does anyone know more?
Lorena Auwarter's (email@example.com) grandfather's death certificate listed his mother as Arminda Burdick and all the census records for her g-grandparents list them as Daniel Hawley and Arminda (Arminta) Burdick. Her father's family also used the Holley spelling, so it gets confusing. Lorena's cousin found a listing on the LDS web site for a Daniel Holley and Laurie Arminta Burdick having a daughter born 1 May 1866. There are two postings, one with Laurie Arminta as wife and one with Leurie Arminta. The child in one posting is Josephine Ester Holley and in the second is Josephine Ester Ferguson Holley. Both born the same day in Springville, PA. The family is known for twins, but most of the early ones did not live. Does anyone have any knowledge of a Laurie or Leurie Burdick in Springville, PA?
Kaye Powell (firstname.lastname@example.org) has found another Burdick in her tree! John Hill came to Dorchester, MA by 1631. The line then moved to Westerly, RI for some generations, then with a brief stint in CT and onto Dutchess Co, NY. Samuel Hill is John Hill's son and his daughter, Thankful, married Thomas LAMB. Their son Ebenezer married 1st cousin Mary Hill, daughter of Samuel's son Josiah (of Westerly RI, Thankful's niece). Mary Lamb, daughter of Ebenezer Lamb & Mary Hill, married Joshua BURDICK, b. 1731 Westerly RI, d. 1790 Pawling, Dutchess, NY. Did Joshua & Mary have a daughter Mary, b. about 1763, who married Africa Hill?
Carol (Burdick) Reppard (email@example.com) is pleased to announce the latest addition to the Burdick clan. Her cousin Bree Anna Burdick was born on April 12, 2007. She weighed 6 lbs 12 oz. Her proud family is Jeffrey and Kristin Burdick and her big brother Brandon. She is the granddaughter of John and Sandi Burdick and the great granddaughter of Lora Burdick. Bree is the 12th generation of Burdicks in Carol's family line and they all welcome her to the family.
Dee (Vance) Kormanik (firstname.lastname@example.org) is looking for any information about her ggg-grandmother, Phebe (Phoebe) Burdick Vance. In 1903 she resided in Mt. Victory, Hardin County, OH. Dee found her husband, John Vance, and a few of their children (Elizabeth b.1847, and Minny b.1867) at a graveyard (York Cemetery) near Marysville, OH but there were no records of Phoebe. Dee's g-grandfather was William Findlay Vance, b. 1861, and he is buried in Mt. Victory. Phebe was the daughter of Hezekiah Burdick and Mary (Polly) Richey, their graves are in Buxton Cemetery, Union County, OH (near Marysville). Dee would appreciate any information you might have.
Todd Burdick (TBurdick@hancockshakervillage.org) is the Director of Education at the Hancock Shaker Village in Pittsfield, MA. Sounds like a very interesting place. If you're in the area it would be well worth a visit.
Jackie Jean (Burdick) Morris (APLscape@aol.com) was born in Port Huron Michigan. Her father was Robert Burdick and her grandfather was Jack Eugene Burdick. That is as far back as she knows since she did not have the chance to know her grandparents. Please let her know if you have a Port Huron branch on your Burdick family tree.
Barbara Cagle (email@example.com) has Burdicks in her family tree from her father's side of the family. Barbara has generously scanned and sent some important documents that are now posted on the Burdick Family Association web site. Some handwritten notes were stuck in her grandmother's bible (Mable Irene Rogers (Miller)) and were probably written by her grandmother (Florence Josephine Joiner) and later added to by Mabel. Be sure to take a look.
Jane Kellogg (firstname.lastname@example.org) continues to find Burdick relatives and new people to look for. She was looking for one or two "missisng" brothers of Rosina Altana Burdick (#2297 in the Burdick Book) and may have a possible lead on one of them, whom she has dubbed "invisible Uncle Ren", Lorenzo Burdick. Ren was in the 19th Regiment, New York Cavalry. He was probably born in Scott, NY (to a Seventh Day Baptist family) sometime after 1848; probably several years after 1848, as he was the youngest of Benjamin (#1160) and Maryette Burdick's children. He was only 14 years old when he enlisted for the Civil War, which is why he did so in another county. Does anyone know more?
Amy Bly (email@example.com) came across a large old piece of poster board with a family tree on it. The wife's side has a lot of information: Penhollow, Harper, Torrey, Mansfield and Edson. On the Husband's side there are Jordon, Tapp and King. Amy spotted Elmer Welcome Jordon who married Ella Burdick on September 12, 1889. Their children were Edith Susie Jordan, Nellie Ruth Jordon, and Delazon A. Jordon (b. May 4,1900.) The only thing listed for Ella Burdick are her parents, Alphes Burdick and Polly Gorden (or Jorden.) Can anyone supply more information?
You may remember Connie Wright (firstname.lastname@example.org), a frequent contributor to this Newsletter. We haven't heard from her lately, but she has been busy! She has had three surgeries since January and has been elected President of Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865, Tent #7, in Lincoln, NE. She originally joined several years back on 2nd Sgt. Joshua Philip Burdick's service record in the Nebraksa Calvary. If any women descendent to a Civil War Veteran (lineage only) want further information on how to join and Tents in their areas or States, please contact Connie. In June Connie spoke at a Black Soldiers Monument Dedication to the Buffalo Soldiers and the Tuskegee Airmen, at the Veterans Memorial Garden. She also went to Stanton, Nebraska to help the Sons of Union Veterans with a grave marker dedication. In Nebraska the Sons are walking through every cemetery, one step at a time, to discover Union Soldiers without traditional military headstones, in which case one is ordered. Each one is erected with a ceremony to honor that soldier. There is a National Gravesite lookup site for Civil War soldiers. Go to the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War and you can access it from their site. You'll find Connie's Civil War Veteran ancestor there, Joshua Philip Burdick, and perhaps others you will know. All the states are working to get their data entered into the database.
Does anyone know Mary Gordon's email address? Tom Krakow (email@example.com) found the query made by Mary in the November/December 2005 edition of the Burdick Newsletter looking for information about her great-grandfather, Joseph Ellis Lee (1800-1848) b. Cazenovia, NY. Tom thinks he may be able to help her but her email address, firstname.lastname@example.org, is no longer working.
email@example.com (firstname.lastname@example.org) sends along the following obituatry from the Grand Rapids Press. Steven Mark Burdick, 47, of Holland, died after a brief fight with cancer Wednesday, June 13, 2007 at Hospice House of Holland. He was an employee of more than 20 years at Haworth, Inc. He is survived by his parents, Merle and Ava Burdick, of Jamestown; step-children, Maria and Gabriel Garcia, Anna Rios, Lucia Rios, and Antonio Rios, all of Holland; brother, Scott (Debra) Burdick, of Kentwood; sisters, MariAnne (Chris) Christman, Amy (Gary) Marschner, all of Hudsonville, and Kathryn (Dan) White, of Jamestown; seven grandchildren and many nieces and nephews. This man was special. You may not have noticed at first how truly unique he was. He looked like a typical guy you'd meet on the street. But once you got to know him you would find out just how special he was. He was a giver. He was a provider. He worked hard. He loved easily. He enjoyed simplicity. He cared deeply for people. Although we know he has found his Peace, he will be missed greatly.
Shannon Barbuto-Lewis (email@example.com) I has hit a dead end. She cannot find the parents of MARY BURDICK who was apparently born in the area of Cortland, NY in 1801 and was the spouse of William Harrison. Shannon is tracing the Goodell family line. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Clifford Burdick (firstname.lastname@example.org) is looking for his family connection. His gg-grandfather was Warren Burdick, g-grandfather was Carroll Burdick, grandfather was Earl Burdick, Sr. and his dad is Earl Burdick, Jr. This is all he knows. Can you help? Thanks.
Jane Kellogg (email@example.com) sends notice that Dorothy M. Burdick, 88, formerly of 9604 Burdick Rd., Interlaken, NY passed away on Friday, March 9, 2007, at The Huntington Living Center in Waterloo. Born on November 15, 1918, in Lodi, NY, Dorothy was the daughter of the late Fred O. and Hilda (Smith) Fox. Married on February 22, 1941 to Raymond A. Burdick, family became first and foremost in Dorothy's life. She was a member of the Searsburg Community Church and was involved with Home Bureau and Ladies' Aid. She also enjoyed gardening, knitting and crocheting. Dorothy took great pleasure in her annual trips to Florida with her late husband; they were able to spend fourteen winters there after his retirement.In addition to her husband, Raymond, who passed away in 2001, Dorothy was preceded in death by a grandson, Jeffrey Modispaw. She is survived by two daughters, Sandra (Gerald) Reynolds of Interlaken and Arlon (Donald) Modispaw of Hughesville, PA; five grandchildren; twelve great-grandchildren and several nieces and nephews.
Betsy Foti (firstname.lastname@example.org) is looking for information on the following lineage of Burdicks: John Burdick -> George Burdick -> Myron Burdick married Lizzie Rowley had 1 son (listed below) and were divorced Lizzie was from PA -> Harry Burdick married Laura Cunningham -> Esther Burdick married George Beachner -> Betsy Beachner married William Foti.
And finally, Jane Maxson (email@example.com) reports that the fourth Maxson Family Reunion in Bloomington, IL was a success. It was a 2500 miles round trip drive for Jane from Westerly, RI!